The ILO strives to achieve decent work for all. It promotes social justice and internationally recognized human and labour rights. This position is located in CO-Addis Ababa- ILO’s Country Office for Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Sudan and South Sudan and for Special Representative to the AU and ECA. This CO implements the mandate of the ILO within the sub-region, including the delivery of technical cooperation in collaboration with other ILO technical departments and social partners in the respective countries. The office continues to provide, at national level, technical guidance and institutional capacity building support to the Government and social partners to achieve the goal of decent work for all through a combination of integrated policy, programme and advocacy action.
This Country Office also provides support to ILO constituents on skills development and employability. The support is provided based on the priorities of the Government, Employers and Workers. These priorities are featured in the National Development Plan, the Decent Work Country Programme (DWCP) and other relevant strategic documents. Within the ILO, the priorities also align with the Programme and Budget (P&B) 2020-21 outcome 5 on skills development and lifelong learning. Globally the priorities must be aligned with SDGs, especially SDG 4 and 8. In Ethiopia, Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) is a key pillar of the Government´s efforts to strengthen the education and training system and there is significant progress made in the preceding years. The first formal TVET strategy was introduced in 2002–2005, and focused on infrastructure development and increasing enrolment. In subsequent reforms, the Government has attempted to strengthen the employability of graduates and the quality of the training programmes as well. The labour force participation rates in both rural and urban areas have increased and the number of TVET centres rose from barely 15 in 1994 to more than 582 in 2017. Enrolment has substantially increased as well. On average, enrolment grew at a rate of 6 per cent between 2012/13 and 2016/17.
Despite these efforts, there are still significant gaps and challenges in the area of skills development. The TVET governance system in Ethiopia lacks a platform that could ensure coordination among various stakeholders and initiatives. Despite an explicit commitment to make the TVET system responsive to labour market demands, programmes and curricula are not based on a thorough analysis of the demand for present and future skill needs. The number of TVET centres remain lower than the ambitious target of 1,102 set by the Government in 2013/14. Ethiopia’s skills development system is also faced with limited integration of work-based learning.